Vision 2o3o




Area expansion

(i)Construction of new pond & tanks

4,000 ha

(ii)Renovation of existing ponds

1,000 ha

(iii)Paddy cum fish culture

3,000 ha

(iv)Reclamation of flood plain, wet lands

1,200 ha

(v)Stocking of upland/high altitudes lakes

All available lakes

(vi)Distribution of fish seed

400 million


Development of cold water fisheries

All available recourses including vertical & horizontal expansion


Development of ornamental fish culture

(i)Ornamental fish breeding unit/farm

10 Nos.

(ii)Ornamental fish rearing units

100 Nos.

(iii)Aquarium manufacturing units

50 Nos.


Fish seed rearing centers

100 units.


Fishery based eco-tourism

30 Nos.


Development of model fish farms

(i)Govt. Sector

38 Nos.

(ii)Private Sector

40 Nos.


Diversification of Aquaculture practices

(i)poly culture

500 ha

(ii)Fish Live stock farming

a) Pig cum fish culture


b) Duck cum fish culture

300 ha

c) Poultry cum fish culture

300 ha

(iii)Fresh Live stock prawn culture (M.rosembergii)

200 ha

(iv)Indigenous Magur culture (C.batrachus)

200 ha

(v)Promotion of indigenous fish culture (Mahseer,Schizothorax,minor carps

200 ha


Development of Reservoir fisheries

1000-1500 ha


Fish culture in irrigation tanks/channels (RWFC)

800-1000 ha


Facilities for production of quality cost effective feed

4 Nos.


Fish disease surveillance and quarantine facilities

(i) Mini Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (DDL)

20 Nos.

(ii) Surveillance centre with quarantine facilities

10 Nos.


Development of Aquaculture Hub

(i) Aqua culture Village in each block

109 s.

(ii) Aquaculture District

8 Nos.


Development of seed production facilities/infrastructures


10 Nos.

(ii)Portable FRP Carp hatcheries with assistance from CIFA

20 Nos.

(iii)District level brood bank facility

20 Nos.

(iv)State level brood bank facility

1 No.


Establishment of post harvest and marketing infrastructures

(i)Regulated modern hygienic retail fish market as per feasibility in 8 district in a phased manner

10 Nos.

(ii)Fish landing and assimilation centre

4 Nos.

(iii)Cold chain with ice plant

3 Nos.

(iv)Modern Hygienic fish kiosks

30 Nos.

(v)Motorcycle mounted insulated Box for fish vending

100 Nos.


Aquatic gio-diveristy conservation

(i)Identification of potential river stretch for developing sanctuaries

10 Nos.

(ii)Mass awareness camp for conservation

1500 Nos.

(iii)River ranching

22.0 million seed

(iv)Developing of Angling spot

20 Nos.


Capability building & Human Resource Development strengthening of extension services

(i)Establishment of training centre zone wise

3 Nos.

(ii)Training of fish farmers/co-operators

6000 Nos.

(iii)Training of in-service personnel (Orientation programme)

200 Nos.

(iv)Exposure visit of progressive fish farmers

1000 Nos.

(v)Exposure visit of departmental officers

150 Nos.

(vi)Up gradation of existing training centre to state level training centre

1 No.


Strengthening of co-operative movement and formation of co-hesive group

(i)Revival of existing fishery co-operative societies

3 Nos.

(ii)Formation of new co-operative societies

6 Nos

(iii)Formation of fishery SHG

300 Nos.

(iv)Formation of fish growers association

15 Nos.

(v)Fish farmers club

30 Nos.


Fish Seed certification and accreditation programme

(i) Fish seed certification and accreditation centre zone wise

3 Nos.


Fish seed production

84 Million


Table fish production

8200 Tons


Introduction:Arunachal Pradesh with its vast inland fishery resources in the form of rivers, streams, lakes, ponds and tanks, beels, marshy lands offers tremendous scope for fisheries. Apart from sustaining large number of commercially important food fishes it also supports wide varieties of ornamental and sport fishes. Land available in most part of the state is undulated and hilly terrain that makes it some what difficult to develop fisheries on commercial lines/ except for foot hills and valleys. Aquaculture till recent past ism practiced in small perennial home stead ponds, mostly on traditional lines. On the other hand catching fish in open water, ponds and tanks has always formed the rural livelihood and means for food security.
As against diverse recourses resources only substantial portion of it has been exploited and brought under systematic and judicious management, while leaving majority of the resource unexplored or still in their pristine condition. Aquaculture/ Fishery development in the state started late, however community fishing was prevalent since time immemorial.
Inspite of having such a huge potential and promising avenues in fisheries/aquaculture sector, much could not be achieved. It still lags in harnessing these bounties because of various factors and investment being one of them. The sector only needs public and private participation, policy intervention and investment flow which will make this sector vibrant and development oriented.
The department since its inception is devoted to development of aquaculture/fishery in the state. Initially the pace of development was slow and with the passage of time it has scaled up. To further accelerate the pace, the department has envisaged some vision and priorities and pursued it with utmost sincerity and dedication in the larger interest of the state and the welfare of farmers. Without setting an objective/goal it wouldn’t have been possible to achieve the progress as of today. With changing scenario and in tune with the demand and emerging opportunities in fisheries sector vision for holistic development of aquaculture and fisheries in the state is redefined as.
“Transforming rural poverty to prosperity through fisheries and aquaculture Development”

  • Judicious and gainful utilization of resources.
  • Enhancing production and productivity of fish and fish seed with increase in per capita Consumption of fish.
  • Sustainable Aquaculture/Fishery development.
  • Transformation of rural economy ensuring livelihood support and protein security.
  • Strengthening of backup facilities/infrastructures to accelerate development of aquaculture/Fishery.
  • Promotion of cold water fisheries.
  • Promotion of ornamental fish culture.
  • Extensive and effective extension network.
  • Introduction of better management techniques/practices and innovative scheme.
  • Conservation of fish/aquatic bio-diversity.

Mission: “Multifold increase in fish production through technology driven aquaculture involving community for sustainable development of fisheries for poverty alleviation, livelihood support, food and nutritional security and accelerating inclusive economic growth”

  • Provide technical guidance to all aqua-culturist and development entrepreneurship
  • Enhance production of table fish seed by introducing best available culture and management practices.
  • Introduce agro-climatic zone specific culture techniques with backup support.
  • Tie up with reputed organization/research institutions for technology support and technology up gradation
  • Facilitate and channelize funding from financial institutions and organizations.
  • Explore market and assistance for marketing.
  • Encourage culture and breeding of ornamental fishes, creation of facilities and to explore trade avenues.
  • Promote cold water fisheries and encourage culture of exotic trouts, snow trouts etc.
  • Encourage sustainable aquaculture by diversifying culture activities presently from carp centric to integrated and other remunerative form of farming.
  • Promote Fishery SHGS, Fish Grower Association, Fishery Co-operative, Fish Farmer Club.
  • Skill development with effective extension coverage.
  • Conservation of indigenous fish species and to make it a people’s movement.
Mission thus entails solution for sustainable development aiming at achieving exclusive economic growth, social development and environmental sustainability.

Development objective: “To facilitate sustainable development and management of fisheries and aquaculture resources for dignified and sustained rural livelihood.” As indicated there is vision envisaged for tapping the emerging opportunities in fisheries sector and addressing them with scientific backstopping for exploitation. Accelerating the process of aquaculture/fishery development and making it farmer’s friendly a number of schemes under state and central sector with various componenet is being implemented to bring this sector at par with other allied department.
Agriculture alone cannot bear the burden of providing food security and employment. The scope for horizontal expansion is agriculture is limited and vertical expansion has its own limitation due to soil type and diverse agroclimatic condition. As such a diversification effort in tapping other available resources is required. Fishery is the most efficient convertor of protein into flesh. It has got edge over other allied agricultural activities
In terms of economic return nutrition. Development of this sector can go a long way in solving the problem of livelihood support, Protein security and sustain income generation. Endevour/approach should be specific, target oriented and in holistic manner. It should be able to address the short comings and to meet the expectation of farmers.
It is disheartening that we are per force dependent upon other statye even for our consumption requirement of table fish despite ample of resources. All that however is now past and we are looking ahead to make Arunachal Pradesh self sufficient and reduce our dependence.
Vision document of the department will redefine our development strategy and opening up windows for new and multifaceted livelihood opportunities trough mission mode intervention with Motto “FROM DEPENDENCE TO SELF SUFFICIENCY’ captures very eloquently what we seek to achieve. Vision thus envisaged will not just address the deficit of table fish; it will also help to resolve several of the unemployment issues that are plaguing the rural areas of the state. The ancillary services that will develop will productivity engage rural people in fisheries sector on sustainable basis. It is however, easier said then done because the problem being faced by the department is multifaceted and it may take years to stream line the working atmosphere of the department and revisit the planning process, policies and strategies before we can fulfil our dream.

Constraints of pisciculture in Arunachal Pradesh: Pisciculture in Arunachal Pradesh is lagging behind in spite of huge potential in comparison to other sectors of the economy. Following are some of the constraints in regard to fishery development in the State.

  • Inadequate staffing of the Directorate of Fisheries and administrative issues.
  • Sparse distribution of resources over a vast and inaccessible area.
  • Hilly terrain and communitication bottleneck.
  • Low priority and level of support/incentives to fisheries sector
  • The variable climate and altitude within the state necessitates adaptation of different technologies for different areas
  • Due to high rainfall and annual occurrences of flood, drought, siltation comprehensive water area suitable for pisciculture is left unutilized.
  • Underutilization of aquatic resources and low lying areas in foot hills
  • Non-availability of standard quality seeds in right time and season. (Deficit in seed production).
  • Inadequacy in transfer of technology from lab to land and weak extension coverage.
  • Insufficient rearing tank area in seed production farms for raising fingerlings has accentuated the problem of low productivity.
  • Lack of support in terms of farm side research and development (FSR) to disseminate the technology packages effectively.
  • Despite high potential in cold water and ornamental fisheries the same could not be harnessed due to resource constraint.
  • Development of fresh water aquaculture, reverie fisheries, reservoir fisheries and other schemes under central sector could not be accelerated due to low unit cost and subsidy pattern.
  • Lack of reliable and precise database on various resources and the state of resource use.
  • Non existence of leasing policy, exclusive fishing and management right of reverie resources with the department
  • Weak / non functional co-operative institutions and cohesive grouping.
  • Cross sectoral issues and coordination.

Performance Review: Review production has reached the level of 4000 tons and fish seed production to the tune of 4.5 million in terms of fry. This has been possible due to implementation of schemes like development of freshwater aquaculture (DIFA), integrated fish farming, construction of new fish ponds & supply of 1st year input under NFDB, construction of commercial fish farm, establishment of low cost FRP carp hatcheries under RKVY, Coldwater fisheries development and effective fisheries training & extension programme.
Number of schemes for augmenting and popularizing aquaculture/ fishery under state and centrally funded schemes is in vogue in the state which has benefited large number of farmers; Development of this sector thus can go a long way in solving the problems of providing protein rich food as well as gainful employment. Further effort/ approach will be holistic and target oriented with stress on sustainability.

Strategic issues and area intervention: While building on the opportunities for development and seeking to resolve the various constraints of development, a number of issues have been identified which are required to be addressed in order to succeed and achieve development objective. Areas requiring immediate intervention are:-

  • Organizational strengthening of the Directorate of Fisheries with adequate staff and bring parity with counterparts in Agriculture and allied sectors.
  • Creation of accountable fisheries data bank application of GIS for resource survey and mapping.
  • Transparency and accountability in implementation of scheme, defining clear objective, underlining expected results (output, out come and impact), activity oriented monitoring and evaluation and all such information accessible in public domain.
  • Extensive use of modern means of communication for bringing efficiency in extension services.
  • Efficient extension services system with network reaching Block and Panchayat levels and bringing all aquaculture and fisheries resources be it public, private, community under one umbrella for providing extension support.
  • Capacity development through organizing need based training and study tour, skill development, attitudinal changes and post training handholding demonstration.
  • Formulation of comprehensive and development oriented fisheries policy and bringing supporting acts and regulations.
  • Promotion of decentralized fish seed production to ensure year round availability of stocking materials through establishing hatcheries in potential areas and encouraging seed rearing in seasonal and small perennial ponds.
  • Establishing brood Bank and introducing fish seed certification system.
  • Creation of quarantine facilities, establishment of Disease Diagnostic Laboratory (DDL) and round the clock disease surveillance to forewarn outbreak of disease minimizing mass mortality of fishes.
  • Promoting small and medium feed mills in private sector through PPP mode.
  • Incentive form renovation of existing ponds and construction of new ponds and free distribution of quality fish seed.
  • Promotion of sustainable intensification and diversification of aquaculture in ponds and tanks through introduction of field tested technologies.
  • Encouraging progressive farmers for setting up of demonstration farm of improved aquaculture technologies including integrated farming and also to volunteer as demonstration farmer in participatory aquaculture extension programme.
  • Promotion of in-situ production of stocking materials for open water fisheries resources ensuring sustainability and flow of benefit to resource user communities.
  • Encouraging community participation in conservation of aquatic resources and genetic diversity and restoration/rehabilitation of habitats.
  • Absolute Fisheries rights of all public water bodies irrespective of ownership of water bodies to be vested with Department of Fisheries.
  • Mobilization of local people and facilitating forming their organization.
  • Introduction and promotion of Fisheries co-management regime with local people as partner in the management of riverine/open water fisheries resources.
  • Participatory planning and implementation of conservation and habitat restoration measures including demarcation and declaration of protected areas of potential river stretch, deeper pools, breeding ground etc. as sanctuary and their management.
  • Developing local code for fishing and enforcement of fisheries acts and code through community participation.
  • River ranching in selected segment of the river.
  • Establishing clean and hygienic fish lending centre, regulated auction centre at appropriate location.
  • Introducing transport of live fish and establishing cold chains.
  • Promoting hygienic handling, preservation & processing of fishes to avert loss to the farmers.
  • Promoting value addition and marketing of fish & fishery products through establishing hygienic retail market infrastructure and network lf kiosks involving educated unemployed youth/upcoming entrepreneurs.
  • Economic empowerment of women through fisheries, facilitating to get them organized and strengthening their organization and introducing group based income generating activities like culture and breeding of ornamental fish, retail marketing of fish and fish products etc.
  • In Situ training of women for developing their technical and business management skills in fisheries and aquaculture.
  • Building adaptive capacity of farmers to face, minimize and contain natural disaster and impact of climate change.
  • Skill development in mitigating the impact of climate change and introduction of climate resilient, disease resistant fish species to minimize the impact.

Immediate objective & vision detail:
Area expansion and promotion of aquaculture through pond construction:
Development of existing water bodies and creation of additional water area for large scale production in a mission mode “Area and productivity expansion” by individual pond construction which is crucial because it has implications not only on production enhancement but also for poverty alleviation, employment generation and ensuring nutritional security. Another concept is community pond development which needs to be encouraged as it emphasizes on collective action and technology adoption. There are still a large number of water bodies on common land effort will be to develop these water bodies which will enhance fish production.

It is proposed to bring another 4,000 ha of area under systematic culture within a period of 15 years both at individual and community level.
Cluster approach for area expansion and development of fishery cluster will be one of the priority areas.
Additional resource mobilization by reclamation of flood plain, wet lands:
Reclamation of marshy and swampy lands, beels, lakes and developing them into modern fish production system hold immense significance. These water bodies are important fishery resources which are lying underutilized. Beside producing fish, this aquatic eco-system are rich repository of bio-diversity, acting as renewable source of capture fishery and also complement riverine fisheries in many ways. These resources comes under the domain of common or public property resources (CPR) and hence assume greater importance not only for increasing inland fish production, but also for providing livelihood and nutritional security of a large number of resource poor communities. Culture based capture fishery is the most common mode of fisheries enhancement in these resources with limited technological interventions for substantial increase of table fish production.
This has great significance because these water logged area are idle water bodies which can be reclaimed and developed for culture based capture fisheries at nominal input cost which otherwise cannot be used for any other purpose.
It is proposed to reclaim and stock 1200 ha area over a period of 15 years.
Renovation of existing ponds:
Over a period, a period, a number of ponds have been constructed under various schemes at individual level with assistance from government or are constructed at their own. Owing to various reason may be some of the ponds were either abandoned or remained unattended, thus making them unproductive or under productive. The reason behind may be natural calamities or economic instability. With the incentive farmers can be persuaded to undertake maintenance of these ponds and make them productive/functional which would add to their income and prosperity.
It is therefore proposed to undertake renovation of 1000 ha of such ponds over a period of 15 years.

Paddy cum Fish Culture:
Paddy cum fish culture is an established form of integrated farming. I the modern development effort knowledge of such indigenous practices provide valuable inputs to make efficient use of locally available natural resources and encouragement for development of sustainable farming practices. With the expansion in irrigation facilities more areas are brought under WRC in different districts. This culture is tried as pilot scheme in other parts of the state and the resultants found to be encouraging. As this culture appears to be quite economical and offers immense promise, all out effort will be made to extend and establish this culture system in other parts of the state with proper extension coverage and effective dissemination of technology through on farm demonstration by tying up with organizations like research Institutes & Universities.
Acknowledging its popularity and prospects it is proposed to develop 3000 ha of paddy cum fish culture over a period of 15 years covering potential districts of the state.

Stocking of upland/high altitude lakes:
Rich population of indigenous fishes and thriving fishery once exists in a number of high altitude lakes. Most of these resources are in inaccessible areas and remain covered with snow in winter. These resources are exploited for domestic consumption without being replenished thereby reducing the fish population. If let to remain in this condition without being replenished, these resources in neat future will be devoid of fish population and a disturbed ecology.
It is planned to map these resources located in Tawang, West Kameng, Upper Subansiri, West Siang, Upper Siang, Dibang Valley & Anjaw district employing GIS technology and massive stocking with endemic and exotic fishes to replenish dwindling fish population and restoring its ecology. On accomplishment of stocking the same in near future could be developed as fishery based eco-tourism in liaison with the Tourism Department.
Distribution of fish seed:
Fish seed is the critical input in aquaculture which determines productivity or the outcome. Most of the ponds are left un-stocked with fish seed by the farmers because of not getting the same at right season and time. Since seed is not readily available locally, farmers find it difficult to manage it from outside because of high transportation cost, uncertainty in terms of breed and quality. Further weak financial condition and is the reason for leaving their pond without stocking fish seed thus making it unproductive. In most places the farmers are forced to depend on handiwallas for their requirement of stocking. Taking this advantage the farmers are exploited by these handiwallas, supplying with inferior quality seed leading to negative growth and reduce production. To assure the farmers about uninterrupted supply and availability of quality seed, the scheme is being implemented throughout the state continuously for the past four years. Feedback from the ground level indicates its popularity and impact on production and productivity. Seeing its popularity/success and impact at farmer’s level it is proposed to continue the scheme and distribute 400 million of fish seed by 2030.
Development of cold Water Fisheries:
Most of the aquatic resources are in the sub tropical and alpine zone covering almost 90% of the state’s total area where maximum fish diversity is found and classified as cold water fisheries resources. Importance of cold water fisheries as a potential source of sustained income coupled with tourism and recreational activities could not be ignored. Literally speaking this sector of fishery is still in infancy and requires tremendous effort, monetary support and participation of people. Owing to micro climatic conditions coupled with thermal variables, the production from upland region is still very low. This discourages the farmers to come forward and adopt aquaculture as one of the profession. However the scenario has slightly changed and several farmers have started culture of exotic carp and touts along with culture of indigenous fishes especially Mahseers and snow trouts. Though efforts have been initiated for the development and popularization of fishery in this region still there is a lot to be done. All out effort will be made to develop hill aquaculture which will include horizontal and vertical expansion of fish culture activities, integrated aquaculture, stock diversification, implementation of sustainable production enhancement measures in lakes, reservoirs, introduction of zone specific culture technology for judicious exploitation of these resources. Improvement and development of infrastructure with massive investment from centre and state Government, capacity building of stakeholders, promotion of sport fishery and fishery based ec0-tourism will be taken up on priority. Setting up of a cold water fisheries research station of DCFR (ICAR), Bhimtal facilitating research on indigenous fish species, standardization and documentation of breeding and culture protocol of indigenous fishes having food, sport and ornamental value will also be explored.
Ornamental Fisheries:
Collection, propagation and marketing of ornamental fishes are potential venture. This industry is growing up with rising domestic and external demand. In aquaculture sector the ornamental fish breeding and trade provides excellent opportunities as a non food fishing activity for employment and income generation. It is totally environment friendly and involves low investment with short gestation period. It could be adopted as a small scale backyard enterprise either on full time or part time basis and it ensures high return. State’s open water resources and repository of ornamental fishes. Though the culture is yet to establish but the trade is being carried out illegally by collection from the wild sources. The breeding and rearing of ornamental fish doesn’t require much space and can be undertaken even in small area as backyard activity. This home based enterprise is highly suitable for women and their economic empowerment. The focus in this area would be on development of technical and entrepreneurial skill among women and unemployed youth to take ornamental fish culture on a business mode encompassing supplementary activities such as manufacturing of Aquaria, Packaging and marketing of aquarium fish and aquarium accessories and providing periodical maintenance services to aquarists.
Aquarium manufacturing will also be encouraged through which employment opportunities can be generated where some unemployed youth,Women in a limited scale can start manufacturing. Apart from financial assistance theBreeders/rearers, retail center cum aquarium manufactures will also trained. For Financial,Technical and marketing support MPEDA & CIFA will be approached. It is proposed to Establish 10 ornamental fish breeding units/farms, 100 rearing units & 50 aquariums Manufacturing units by 2030.
Fish Seed rearing Centre:
The state being land a locked one with sparse distribution of aquatic resources, transporting fish seed to such location becomes difficult owing to disruption of communication network due to natural calamities and heavy transportation cost depriving the farmers from this basic input. Being seasonal fish seed has to be stocked within the extended period of its availability; otherwise the ponds remain unproductive effecting production and productivity. Fish seed availability is a major problem being faced by the farmers and non availability in time and on demand exaggerates the problem even further. This is comparatively a new concept and 5 such centers on trial basis were implemented during 2014-15 covering 5 districts. Though its benefit is yet to be evaluated but its impact on easy availability of fish seed is certain. For the benefit of fish farmers it is therefore proposed to establish at least one centre in each administrative circle in private sector subject to availability of potential area or where there is high concentration of fish ponds and fishery activities. It is a profitable venture and will ensure sustained income and generate employment. In all together it is proposed to develop 100 such centre with minimum of 1.0 ha area covering all administrative circles of the state.
Fish based eco-tourism:
Eco-tourism is a sustainable form of resource utilization which in turn helps conservation while providing sustained income. Considering its advantage over traditional farming optimum multiple uses of the resources on sustainable basis must be thought of and encouraged. Fishery based eco-tourism is emerging as one of the area for the educated unemployed youth and farmer to develop entrepreneurship/self-employment and also results in ancillary activities which generates employment. Fish farm of progressive fish farmers can be converted into multi-dimensional venture with beautification of the landscape, addition of recreational infrastructures and angling facilities beside routine annual production of fish and fish seed. One time small scale little earning farm can be transformed to an enterprise with round the year livelihood earning for the owner. As an experimental point of view five units were development in five different districts by converting the fish farm of the progressive fish farmer by developing required infrastructures. With encouraging results there is further scope to encourage such enterprise in other parts of the state. Therefore it is proposed to develop 30 more such enterprise in the coming 15 years. These facilities in near future can also be developed/transformed into indigenous fish breeding, rearing and propagation centre.

Development of model fish farm:
“ Seeing is believing”. For augmenting fishery and aquaculture in the state a demonstration farm with all facilities and backup infrastructure is of paramount importance. In spite of huge potential in terms of resources the people are still reluctant to take up aquaculture.
Apprehending loss and non- performing in successive years and also due to lack of demonstrative impact of aquaculture in terms of economic viability and return. To start with during 2014-15 five nos. of Govt. Farms in 5 different districts were identified and assisted for developing into model farms and efforts are under way to develop at least 2 fish farms under Govt. Sector in each district and another 40 in private sector in the coming 15 years to popularize aquaculture.
Diversification of Aquaculture practices:
Diversification of Aquaculture is important to make this industry vibrant and ever growing. Aquaculture practiced in the state is carp centric and semi intensive type. New candidate species having high rate of production and market potential needs to be tried/ encouraged. Further endemic species, can also be reared along with other species. However, need of the hour is to go in for crop diversification and integrated form of culture practices in the interest of production enhancement of farmed fishes, reduction in overhead expenditure, double crop production from the same unit area, economic stability of the farmer and above all to maintain sustainability in Aquaculture production and productivity. Diversification for the past few years is being encouraged by the department in the form of fish livestock farming, paddy cum fish culture, poly culture, magur and prawn culture beside encouraging culture of Mahseer, Schizothorax and other indigenous minor carp along with IMC and Exotic Carp. Outcome of this endeavor is encouraging. To popularize diversification further, it is proposed to implement following integration practices over a period of 15 years: 1. Polyculture -500 ha 2. Fish –live stock farming a) Pig cum fish culture -1000 ha b) Duck cum fish culture -300 ha c) Poultry cum fish culture -300 ha 3. Fresh water prawn culture (M. Rosembergii) -200 ha 4. Indigenous magur Culture (Clarias batrachus) -200 ha 5. Promotion of indigenous fish culture (Mahseer, Schizothorax, minor carps) -200 ha Reservoir Fisheries:
There are many water storage tanks/reservoirs in the state for generating electricity in the form of micro & mini Hydro Electric Projects (HEP) and many big reservoirs with large water bodies are in their various stages of execution while many more are in the pipeline. As and when these reservoirs are impounded large water bodies will be created. In near future these resources will become the nuclei of all sorts of fisheries activities and one of the prime fish producing resources of the state. Though culture technique in such water bodies is available further refinement of these technology/technique suiting social custom and in consonant with local agro-climatic condition will be evolved for optimum utilization and judicious management of these resources. It is expected that another 1000-1500 ha area of large water body will come up in the next 15 years in addition to 160 ha area of Ranganadi reservoir presently in operation. All the impounded area in near future will be brought under Pisciculture with technical support from CIFRI Kolkata and DCFR Bhimtal. Possible investment opportunities from other agencies will be explored and channelized for optimum utilization of these resources for enhanced fish production.
Fish Culture in Irrigation Channels/tanks:
Another important resource for aquaculture enhancement in the state can be minor irrigation tanks and channels. With the expansion in permanent cultivation more area are brought under irrigation network by creating minor irrigation projects (MIPS). These facilities can be best utilized for developing running water fish culture (RWFC) with minor alteration and refinement in technology as per local needs for culture of carps & air breaking fishes in these channels/tanks. It is expected to have approximately 800-1000 ha of such resources by 2030. Steps on priority will be initiated for obtaining rights to introduce pisciculture in these resources with appropriate policy decision/intervention.
Creation of facilities for production of quality and cost effective feed:
Lack of quality feed is always a constraint for aquaculture development in the state. At Present except for small quantity which which is available within the state, bulk of the feed requirement is met by importing from neighboring state at a higher cost which also includes transportation and incentive for the supplier/producer. Good wholesome and cost effective feed with efficient FCR is the prime requirement of increasing production and productivity in aquaculture. Presently the fish farmers are relying on a crude mixture of rice bran and Mustard oil cake (MOC) for semi incentive practices, while for sustainable intensification of aquaculture its role is either limited or negligent. Availability of key ingredients in recent years has become scarec putting fish farmers in disadvantageous position. In view of scarcity of ingredients, production of formulated feed has become imperative and popularization of extruded feed based aquaculture among the farmers would help in bringing good management practices in aquaculture. As of now there is no feed mill in the state. The rice bran (RB) and mustard oil cake (MOC) available in some parts of the state which could have been utilized as raw materials for development of formulated feed otherwise remains as waste product. If put into proper use it can revolutionalize aquaculture/fishery in the state. In the interest of enchasing production and productivity it is proposed to establish 4 small feed mills having 1 MT capacity in selected four districts i.e. (East siang, Papumpare, Changlang & Namsai) where there is availability of raw material.
Creation of fish Disease Surveillance and Quarantine facilities:
With increase in aquaculture activities, induction of new species & technologies, anthropogenic activities, pollution, damage to aqua ecology and habitat degradation and climate change disease outbreak are becoming common resulting in considerable loss to fish stock and economic loss to the farmer.
Many a time the situation gets aggravated due to ignorance because of lack of awareness on aquatic animal diseases, subsequent prophylactic management & early containment. The situation even gets worse due to absence of required minimum infrastructure for disease surveillance, early warning of disease outbreak and non existence of proper field level detection mechanism. Further to meet up the demand of fish seed requirement, it is imported from outside which also add to spread of diseases and entry of undesired species which may be detrimental to existence of native fish population. Requirement of setting up of quarantine facilities, regular surveillance, epidemiological investigation, network of early warning facilities, disease diagnostic laboratories will be taken up to avert any incidence and protection of our native species from being extinct. It is therefore needed to establish quarantine facilities in all entry points to district and a mini Disease Diagnostic laboratory in all districts headquarter/farms. 20 Nos. of mini DDL & 10 Nos. round the clock surveillance centre with quarantine facilities is proposed to be established over a period of 15 years. Initially District with high concentration of aquaculture activities will be covered followed by other district in a phased manner.
Development of aquaculture hub:
This is probably a new concept in fisheries history of the state. Since past few decades the aquaculture/fishery has grown many folds with assistance from centre and state. Production and productivity also increased but more effort is still needed to bring it at par with the production level of other state. Since the fisheries resources are scattered over a vast area, concentrated effort for its development and optimum utilization could not be given resulting in under utilization of resources. Foot hill districts of the state have the potential to become aquaculture/fishery hub provided strategy for holistic and concentrated development approach is adopted. All out effort will be made to develop 8 (eight) districts of the state namely Papumpare, Lower Subansiri, East Siang, Lower Dibang Valley, Lohit, Namsai, Changlang and Longding into Aquaculture districts and 1 (one) village in each block of the state as aquaculture village by 2030. Once transformed it will become inspirational to others and its success will be extended/replicated to other village/district.
Development of seed production facilities:
Fishing activities have gone up in the state with accelerating aquaculture/fishery development and opening up of this sector as a means of social-economic development of rural population. Seed is prime requirement for aquaculture and other culture based capture fishery. The state so far is deficit in seed production and bulk quantities are imported from outside to fulfill the demand for stocking of farmers pond and other enhancement. Seed imported from other state somewhere are poor bred affecting growth and productivity. In pursuit of accelerating fishery/Aquaculture development in the state and fish seed being one of the critical inputs, number of fish farms in government sector has been established. Few of the farms were even equipped with seed production infrastructure. Some progressive fish farmers were also encouraged to undertake breeding and rearing of fish seed so that it is easily accessible to fish farmers. Infrastructures developed in Government farms are now obsolete or outdated. Conventional breeding is being carried out in most of the Government and beneficiary’s farm but is still far from meeting even the minimum requirement. As on date 7 no. of eco-hatcheries and 9 portable FRP carp hatcheries were installed in Government and private sector respectively. With expansion of area under fish cultivation and demand for fish seed has also increased proportionately which cannot be fulfilled from internal production alone, thus creating a huge gap between demand and supply. This unbalanced seed production does not auger well for the sector. Quality seed production and year round availability locally is the basic requirement for development of fishery & aquaculture in the state. At present 4.5 million seed is produced internally against the requirement of approximately 20 million. By the end of 2030 the fish seed requirement for stocking of pond and tanks, reservoir and other enhancement will go up by many times of present requirement while production is expected to be around 84 million. To manage/reduce the gap between demand and supply by 2030 to at least minimum, series of initiative will be taken. First being modernization of departmental fish farms on priority with creation of facilities for seed production, up gradation/remodeling of existing hatcheries, complete over hauling of existing facilities, development of brood stock and creation of district and state level brood bank. Incentive will be provided to individual progressive fish farmer and will be encouraged to install eco-hatcheries and portable FRP carp hatcheries. Financial institutions will be approached / pursued to finance such projects so as to achieve the goal of self sufficiency in seed production by 2030. Over a period of 15 years it is proposed to install 10 (ten) no. of eco hatcheries, 20 (twenty) FRP carp hatcheries, 20 (twenty) district level and 1 (one) state level brood bank facilities in a phased manner in fisheries potential District of the state by involving progressive fish farmers.
Establishment of post harvest and marketing infrastructures:
presently there is no facility for handling, storing and marketing of fishes. Fish being highly perishable item cannot be stored without proper facilities for a longer period once taken out of the pond. In absence of such facilities farmers are reluctant to market their produce in bulk quantities fearing spoilage, rather prefers marketing small quantities averting risk of overnight storing. Moreover there is not even proper fish landing centre. At present there are no regulated fish market or retail outlets in the state. Fish is being marketed in a most deplorable and unhygienic atmosphere in way side markets. It is a common sight that fish is sold through street markets and often on foot path. Though domestic market holds huge potential still they remain highly unorganized and unregulated. Most of the markets even lack in basic infrastructures like adequate clean water supply, proper drainage and disposal system, hygienic fish trading and cutting platforms, storage facilities cold chains, chilling plants, ice plants etc.
There is urgent need to upgrade and modernize and existing fish markets, construction of new ones in pre-identified areas where there is high consumption and bulk trading of fishes. There is also a need to develop infrastructure facilities at fish landing centre along fish modals. Establishing cold chain will minimize post harvest losses, and will encourage fish farmers to opt for bulk marketing. Marketing infrastructures and cold chain will open new vistas though processing and value addition. Efforts to increase fisheries productivity needs to be complemented by fish consumption. Chain of modern hygienic fish kiosk and dish vending with motorcycle mounted insulated box in most of the district and sub-divisional town is an emerging opportunity for educated unemployed youth and upcoming young entrepreneurs. This potential will be fully exploited in the interest of fish farmers and consumers. It is proposed to develop following infrastructures with financial support from NFDB or other central agencies in the coming 15 years:-

  • Regulated modern hygienic retail fish market As per feasibility in eight potential districts in a Phased manner - 10 Nos.
  • Fish landing and assimilation center - 4 Nos.
  • Cold chain with ice plats - 3 Nos.
  • Modern Hygienic fish kiosks - 3 Nos.
  • Motorcycle mounted insulated box for fish vending- 100 Nos.
Aquatic bio diversity conservation:
Open water resources once had thriving fishery and supported diverse aquatic animal population of different fish species. Because of various factors which include overfishing, illegal fishing, destruction of breeding ground and habitats, fish population has suddenly dwindled to an alarming state and is a matter of concern. It is apprehended that if this trend is allowed to continue, a day is not far away when these resources will be devoid of fish stock. Moreover fishing all through the year without observing closed season during breeding days and rampant use of unspecified gears employed for catching fish even do not spare brood fish and juveniles which otherwise could have helped in replenishment of stock through natural spawning. This is high time to act. All possible measures and effort to conserve the germplasm in their natural habitat will be initiated. It is of course an uphill task but nothing is impossible. Initiative in the form of mass awareness campaign, river ranching programme, stocking of lakes and beels, enforcing ban on fishing during breeding season involving PRI leaders, district administration and riparian population will be explored. Endeavour during past 4 years have shown encouraging result and many milestone is yet to be achieved. While revisiting strategy and analyzing the outcome of past experiences, it is felt to pursue conservation effort more vigorously with renewed strategy having visible impact at field level. Following activities are therefore proposed to be taken in coming 15 years for effective conservation and sustainable fishery.
  • Identification of potential stretch of river, stream and declaring them as fish sanctuaries in major river system of the state active involvement of communities - 10 Nos.

  • Mass awareness camp for conservation of Aquatic bio-diversity covering all districts - 1500 Nos.

  • River ranching for replenishment of depleted stock and introduction of new candidate species in major river system of the state covering all districts – 22.0 million fish seed

  • Development of Angling spot for encouraging eco-tourism, 2 spots in each river system covering all districts of the state. – 20 Nos.

Creation of fish sanctuaries will be in the deepest part of the river where there is Less probability of human interference poaching etc. Assistance from expert will be taken during site selection and it necessary artificial barriers will be constructed to raise the water level. Sanctuaries to be developed will be for conservation of Mahaseers and other indigenous species of the state. Main objective behind developing sanctuaries will be for enhancing and preserving aquatic biodiversity, providing breeding & feeding ground. In the later course these sanctuaries will be developed as tourist/recreational spot to attract tourist which will eventually benefit rural people and improve their livelihood condition.

Capacity Building and human resource development, strengthening of extension services:
Although there is huge potential for developing aquaculture/Fishery, it is still in early stage of development. The state is expecting to make huge progress in this sector and time has come to shift focus towards sustainability and appropriate technology induction. Hence to achieve goal of “sustainability with appropriate technology intervention”, a holistic approach in right earnest is the need of hour. Primary producers of fisheries sector have limited access to extension services. Further development of this sector would require sound technological back up. Successful/effective implementation of scheme/programme depends upon the capacities/capability of stakeholders and as such warrants highest priority and intervention.
Human resources is an integral part of overall development and cannot be overlooked rather approach to training and capacity building programme needs to be revisited. A special focus on human capacity development is particularly important partly because of emerging technologies, new approaches to fisheries management and also because of changes in nation and international development context. In view of growing emphases on human capacity development, training and skill Development is becoming an important and significant component of most of the development programme and projects. Training and skill development are continuous needs and not mere adhoc interventions. With rapid expansion of this sector, capacity building activities should aim at bringing professional and attitudinal change among the stake holders. Training mo0dules which can efficiently address the sectoral needs and take care of the specific requirement including organizational strengthening and strengthening of extension service system to support the primary pro0ducers with transfer of technology will be ensured. In service personnel will be given technical training related to modern aquaculture practices and emerging technologies and also on thematic topics. Exposure visit outside the state will be organized for the officers and will be exposed to technologies to provide them an opportunity to see and learn. Fish farmer will also be provided training on technologies to be adopted by them and exposure to technologies developed by the institutes through exposure visits. They will also be provided platform for interaction and exposure to the fish Ponds of progressive farmers of other states so that they can replicate the best practices. Capacity building of co-operators and entrepreneurs in intensive aquaculture ornamental fish culture, hatchery management and seed rearing, integrated farming etc will also be provided. At present the department is not well equipped to conduct training and skill development programme for the farmers in absence of adequate training infrastructure. Only one training centre is functioning at state level where training of in-service personnel is organized. In view to strengthen infrastructure it is important that the training programme are decentralized zone wise. In order to broad base the extension network for effective coverage the following programme under capacity building is proposed and targeted to achieve by 2030:

  • Establishment of training centre in three zones (East, West & Central) - 3 Nos.
  • Training of fish farmers/co-operators - 6000 Nos.
  • Training of in-service Personnel (Orientation programme) - 200 Nos.
  • Exposure visit of progressive fish farmers to places of fisheries interest - 1000 Nos.
  • Exposure visit of Departmental Officers to various fisheries Institutes of fisheries interest - 150 Nos.
  • Up gradation of existing training centre to state level training center with laboratory, library and other amenities - 1 Nos

Strengthening of co-operative movement and formation and formation of cohesive groups:
Co-operative movement in fishery sector is very poor and almost nil in spite of inherent co-operative spite. Effort will be towards organizing this inherent quality and transforming it into a mass movement. Though there are some registered societies in fisheries sector all of them at present are either defunct or dormant. The reason may be lack of technical knowledge about aquaculture, inadequate extention services and government support. These societies have either limited their activities to business in PDS items neglecting aquaculture or not been able to mobilize credit to augment aquaculture may be because of mismanagement which has turned the movement to a redundant stage. Effort will be to reorganize the registered defunct societies and scale it up with doses of financial assistance in the form of share capital and soft loan, technology package, extension services and guidance.
Apart from co-operative other cohesive grouping like women SHGS, fish grower association, fish farmers club will be encouraged and nurtured to bring in qualitative change in their outlook and to foster in new era of aquaculture expansion and development.
By 2030 it is proposed to develop following movement, cohesive groups in fisheries:
  • Revival of existing co-operative societies - 3 Nos.
  • Formation of new co-operative societies - 6 Nos.
  • Formation of SHGS - 300 nos.
  • Fish Growers association- 15 Nos.
  • Fish Farmers Club- 30 Nos.
Fish Seed certification and Accreditation programme:
Poor quality of seed is now perceived as a major constraint for expansion of aquaculture in the state. Availability of quality fish seed at the right time and at right location is prerequisite for sustainable aquaculture development. A number of agencies are involved in fish seed production and distribution. Quality deterioration due to genetic inbreeding, use of immature brood stock, unhygieninc hatchery condition is a matter of concern. Quality seed are those having better food concersion(FCR) efficiency, high growth rate potential, adaptability to changing environmental condition and resistant to disease. Appropriate breeding programme for maintaining the genetic quality and its further improment is yet to be introduced in mist of the seed farms and hatcheries. Seed certification guideline circulated by the Ministry of agriculture, Dept. of Animal Husbandry & Fisheries for quality assurance of fish seed will be implemented in the state. Seed Producing fish farms in order to grab the market compromise with the quality leading to production of poor quality seeds which is not desirable. Hatchery accreditation and seed certification scheme will be introduced in order to protect the interest of farmer and in the best interest of aquaculture development. It is proposed to develop 1 (one) such center in each zone (i.e. 3 no) to cover the entire state. All required infrastructure will also be developed accordingly.
Convergence :
Convergence refers to pooling of resources for integrated services which otherwise is provided separately. Convergence avoids duplicity of resources, enables sharing of resources for common objectives, improves quality of service, develops effective linkages, helps to identify and avail newer opportunities , transparency and accountability for visible impact at ground level and above all for effective monitoring of outcome. Holistic approach with accommodative attitude and broader outlook will be adopted for convergence of scheme-for the benefit of target group. Dovetailing of scheme will also be encouraged for better planning, effective investment opportunity and synergy between implementing agencies. Effort will be towards better resource management, with best available technology, judicious utilization of money and resources, equal distribution of benefits and equal access to utility developed.
Gender Budgeting:
Every annual plan will be prepared with the objective of economic empowerment of women for which 20 % of the allocation will be made for scheme empowering women and for technical and entrepreneurial skill development.

SWOT analysis provides a good framework of reviewing position and proposing strategy and direction of any development proposition.

  • Vast & varied unutilized and underutilized natural resources.
  • Altitudinal variation with distinct agro climate condition.
  • Rice in Fish biodiversity.
  • Assured market for Fish.
  • Low priority in planning and decision making process leading to low level of support/incentive to fisheries sector.
  • Inadequate development Focus.
  • Rudimentary extension service system.
  • Poor and disintegrated database on the magnitude of dynamics of exploitable and cultivable aquatic resources.
  • Poorly motivated staff.
  • Weak/ non-existent co-operative and other functional groups.
  • Non-availability of agro climatic zone specific aquaculture technology.
  • Non availability of quality Fish Feed & seed on demand and location.
  • Lack of backup infrastructures for Feed & seed production.
  • Lack of post harvest infrastructure, market research and weak linkage facilities.
  • Sparse distribution of resources and communication bottle neck.
  • Lack of professionalism and knowledge about aquaculture as its technology.
  • Low productivity.
  • Inadequate co-ordination with research institution, weak technology transfer at farmer’s level.
  • Lack of local capacity for capital investment.
  • Lack of indigenous expertise/ technologies and lack of trained personnel.
  • Lack of comprehensive policy for fishing promotion and regulation for sustainability.
  • Huge untapped and underutilized resources for development of aquaculture / culture based capture fishery and other enhanced fisheries.
  • Immense scope for diversification, integrated farming, polyculture, monoculture etc.
  • Growing demand for quality fish seed and table fish.
  • Abundant possibilities for development of cold water and ornamental fisheries.
  • Huge potential for development of fish based eco tourism for sustained income and entrepreneurship development.
  • Expansion of paddy cum fish culture.
  • Cross Sectoral convergence.
  • Erratic climatic condition.
  • Abrupt occurrence of natural calamities.
  • Over exploitation of open water resources and use of destructive method of fishing.
  • Menace of Poaching.
  • Poor compliance of acts and regulation.
  • Illegal and forceful extraction of river bed materials, destroying breeding ground and hahitar.
  • Gradual siltation of ponds and tanks.
  • Effects of climate change.
SWOT analysis clearly indicates that positive aspects (strength and opportunities) far exceed the negative side (weakness and threats). Therefore it deserves priority in planning process. Development of the sector is also expected to help the state the achieving its core objectives, livelihood and nutritional security, reduction of rural poverty and growing rural economy.

Approaches for dealing within four object of SWAT framework will be as:-

  • Strength – By maintaining, Building and scaling up.
  • Opportunities – By prioritizing, optimizing and availing.
  • Weakness – By Secking remedies and alternatives.
  • Threat – By countering, and mitigating negative impact.