Twelve Strategy challenges for the Twelve Plan in respect of Department of Fisheries,Arunachal Pradesh

1. ENHANCING THE CAPACITY OF GROWTH (a) Improving Efficiency of Expenditure Constant monitoring during the implementation stage through field visit will go to a great extent to curb unforeseen expenditure like departure from the time frame, quality of work etc.

(b) Proliferation of Plan Schemes Fisheries in Arunachal Pradesh have a vast potential both for lentic & lotic water bodies right from the higher elevation to the lower belt. Presently, the fish production in the State is not commensurate with the natural water resources and the fish production is much below the demand of fish in the State. There are some fish seed hatcheries in the State which are not adequate. There is no fish feed mill. The required infrastructure facilities like hygienic fish markets, cold storage, processing units for value added fishery products are lacking. There is no Scientific Laboratory/fisheries staff/awareness training institute in the Institute.
These are the prolific areas besides the normal Plan programme of the State.

(c) Reform of the Subsidy Regime Many river valley projects are coming up in the State and expected to have more than 5000 ha under Reservoir Fisheries in due course of time. Thus, in future there may be generation of more revenue. But, presently the State share is inadequate to match many of the programmes under CSS Programme. Thus, it is proposed that the subsidy regime be reviewed in the following lines.

  • (i) State may be allowed to collect that State share component through Beneficiary’s contribution, as one time relaxation (Presently 25% is the Beneficiary’s contribution).
  • (ii) GOI may consider waiving of State’s share component, for one time as a special case.

(a)Sustainable Management of Water Resources
The anthropogenic activities needs to be reduced which alters the Ecosystem. In-situ and ex-situ conservation activities need to be encouraged/awareness centered approach would be another step in this front.

(b)Mitigation strategies for climatic change There are 20 – 30% of fishery resources (high altitude lakes) in the high altitude regions of the State. As on to-day, no other fish except exotic Trout is being cultured for want of proven technology. The package of practices for the composite fish culture in the high altitude areas is lacking.
The high altitude lakes are the important water resources for all the Inland networks of the river system. The Global warming is one of the major concerns of threat to these resources and the urgent need of the hour is to conserve these resources by way of proper limnological studies followed by the proper management practices. However, the Adaptation Strategies are:

  • (i)Preparation of data base of the available wetland in the high altitude areas.
  • (ii)Demonstration and adoption of running water fish culture and culture of new component in culture system like Magur, Chital and Trout in the private sector.
  • (iii)Building of new commercial fish farms.
  • (iv)Development of low cost fish feed.
  • (v)Assessment of fish disease
  • (vi)Management practices and conservation measures of high altitude lakes.

3. Technology and Innovation
University/Scientific Establishment Collaboration Presently, R & D activities with various Fisheries Research Institutes are on a very meager scale, it is proposed to have more collaborative work with: (a) Cold Water Research Centre, Bhupal,
(b) Central Institute of Fisheries Technology, Cochin
(c) Central Inland Fishery Research Institute, Kolkata,
(d) Central Inland Fresh Water Aquaculture, Orissa,
(e) National Bureau of Fish Genetic Research, Lucknow, UP
(f) Rajiv Gandhi University, Arunachal Pradesh.

Rural Transformation & Sustained Growth in Agriculture.
Animal Husbandry & Fisheries Tremendous potential exists in Arunachal Pradesh to augment fish production from freshwater aquaculture resources to generate employment, food and income from the Aquaculture sector.
However, intensive aquaculture in ponds & tanks cover a wide gamut of activities ranging from fish seed and table fish production to human resources development. The thrust areas are as follows:

  • (i) Construction of new ponds and tanks where along-with major & exotic carps certain species of fish/prawn having commercial importance could be introduced.
  • (ii)Establishment of fresh water fish seed hatcheries – under this program, it is proposed to support the entrepreneurs/fish farmers.
  • (iii)Construction of fish seed rearing farms – A good number of Reservoirs are coming up in the State; therefore, there is every need for creation of infrastructure facilities for rearing of spawn/fry to fingerlings the later for stocking in the reservoir.
  • (iv)Trout culture in raceway: For sustainability in the high altitude areas, the Trout culture would be encourage in the Private Sector.
  • (v)Brood stock development programme: Seed quality is an important and essential attribute for optimizing the potential for aquaculture production. The seed quality is generally related to the status of Brood stock and good quality inputs in upbringing of the stock. When seed is produced from the same offspring, year after year, this may result in loss of genetic vigor. Thus brood farming is an important activity in a commercial hatchery.
  • (vi)Establishment of fish feed mill – Formulated fish feed is not available in this region & need to be geared up.
  • (vii)Training & Demonstration –
    (a)Developed protocols by the ICAR should be extended through Demonstration in the State.
    (b)Farmers – Scientists interface needs to be arranged in thematic areas.
    (c)KVK’s needs to be more pro-active and should take up collaborative works with the State Deptt.
    (d)ATMA’s fund for fisheries should be earmarked separately.